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How To Make Raspberry Pi Work With Basic Commands

Raspberry Pi MotherboardBeing a beginner in the Raspberry Pi world, I had to go through tough time to find the necessary commands to make it work.

I have bought a Raspberry Pi 3 and other components. So I thought i will share basic and essentialRaspberry Pi Commands that will help Beginners to operateRaspberry Pi computers.

BasicRaspberry Pi Commands For Updating New Softwares

To Get new softwares and updates – sudo apt-get update –yes
To Install new softwares – sudo apt-get upgrade –yes
If error comes up while updating then, with fix-missing – sudo apt-get update –fix-missing
To remove old softwares use sudo apt-get autoremove –yes
To Update firmware – sudo rpi-update . You do not need update firmware unless necessary. So use this command with care- sudo apt-get dist-upgrade –yes

Command To shut downRaspberry Pi

sudo shutdown -h now

Raspberry Pi Commands for Installing On Screen Keyboard

To install onscreen keyboard – sudo apt-get install matchbox-keyboard
To access on screen keyboard – sudo matchbox-keyboard
To access on screen keyboard in desktop as gui –

create a file on the Desktop and name it as
open the file and paste the below code


Then open a terminal and write:
cd Desktop
chmod +x
Press enter
Go to the file in desktop, double click and press execute.

Command for Installing Sonic Pie in Raspberry

To install sonic pie – sudo apt-get install sonic-pi

Command and Method to connect on SSH on Raspberry Pie 3

Install putty
Install Angry IP scanner
Install VNC viewer

Go to Raspberry pie and enable SSH and VNC

Connect ethernet cable to laptop windows 7

Run Angry IP scanner and find out alive ip addresses and copy them

Go to wifi connection – advance sharing – enable (if not available go to properties of local area connection and disable advance sharing. Reboot pc and check wireless network connection
properties – Ivp4 properties – get ip address and dns address automatically

Go to local area connection – properties – Ivp4 properties – get ip address and dns address automatically

Go to advanced – add gateway – put alive ip addresses here

Disable windows firewall, antivirus

Go to putty – put raspberry ip address and put a filename and open

Click yes
username : pi
password: raspberry

Command To access VNC in Raspberry Pie PC

Open vnc viewer, sign up and login

Use putty cmd – type ifconfig – copy ip address
Paste it on vnc viewer or just use raspberrypi.local. So VNC viewer will automatically select the ip address

Command To stop and start the wifi in Raspberry pie 3

sudo ifdown wlan0
sudo ifup wlan0

Command To check wifi and add wifi

sudo nano /etc/wpa_supplicant/wpa_supplicant.conf
Go to the bottom of the file and add the following:


Command To troubleshoot wifi, if stopped working

sudo rfkill unblock wifi
sudo service network-manager stop
sudo ifconfig wlan0 up
sudo iwlist wlan0 scan

To change password in Raspberry Pi Terminal

Use sudo raspi-config
change user password
type password > enter
retype password > enter
press ok
username : pi
password: anypassword

Command To check how many USB devices are working

sudo lsusb

Command To To get online radio receiver

Command To Install mplayer.

sudo apt-get install mplayer2

After installation check whether its working

sudo mplayer -playlist

Links to other online radio sources

Use code exit to stop playing

Command To install voice recognition software

To buy chalk touch screen 39.99$

Command To install ffmpeg

sudo apt-get install ppa-purge
sudo ppa-purge ppa:mc3man/trusty-media # ignore warning if not found
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:mc3man/trusty-media
sudo apt-get install ffmpeg

Helpful reference

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