Intellectual disability (ID), was once called mental retardation. The name itself had a negative connotation and was hanged to the current name. ID is characterised by below-average intelligence or less IQ. Those people who are having ID will have a lack of skills necessary for day-to-day living. Some of them do have orientation to time and place but may lack social skills. Regular training and medication can improve the lives of them as well as their caregivers. The following is a case study on Intellectual Disability at a local NGO. This case study is just for reference only.
SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC DATAName: J Y
Education: 5th Standard
Socioeconomic status: Lower
Location of residence: Rural
Marital status: Unmarried
Informants: Hospital records, Patient self
Information: Reliable, Inadequate
PRESENTING COMPLAINTS AND THEIR DURATION
HISTORY OF PRESENT ILLNESS
Precipitating factor: Smoking
Duration: Since 5th standard joy does not show improvements in his cognition. His intellect seems to be below average. He often engaged in childish behavior and shows wandering tendency.
Family history of mental illness: No history of having any mental illness
No complications in the mother were reported.
Developmental milestones: Delayed
Behavior During childhood:
Sleep disturbances: No Thumb sucking: No Nail biting: No Bed wetting: No
Stammering: Yes Tics: No Severe temper tantrums: No
Conduct disturbances: Not reported.
Relationship with parents: Good.
Relationship with siblings: Good.
Relationship with peers: Good.
Physical illness during childhood: Not available
Age at which schooling began:5 years Educated up to: 5th Standard
Scholastic Performance: Below average
Learning problems: Not available
Relationship with teachers: good
Relationship with peers: good
Menstrual History: NA
Sexual history is not available.
Marital history: NA
History of Substance abuse
Reports of smoking are present. But the detailed is report is not available.
Pattern of Eating, Sleeping and excretory functions: Regular
MENTAL STATUS EXAMINATION
Personal hygiene: Disheveled Dressing: Appropriate
Eye to eye contact: Established and maintained
Rapport: Adequate Reality contact: Present
Any tics or mannerisms: Holding his hands continuously on the face.
Reaction time: Decreased Tone: Normal
Tempo: Slow Volume: Decreased
Stream: Thought block
Objectively: Happy Subjectively: Happy
Range: Normal Reactivity: Present
Lability: Absent Congruent to thought
Appropriate to situation
a) Time: Intact
b) Place : Intact
c) Person: Intact
Attention and concentration:
a) Immediate: Intact
b) Recent: Intact
c) Remote: Intact
He made some additions to the information.
a) General information: Inadequate
b) Comprehension : Inadequate
c) Arithmetic : Inadequate
d) Abstractibility –
Based on clinical assessment intelligence seems to be: Developmentally Delayed
a) Personal: Intact
b) Social : Intact
c) Test : Intact
Pharmacotherapy, Insight and Absent.
Mr. Jy is 37 year old unmarried male educated up to 5th standard, with no history as an employee comes from a lower socio economic rural background, who was premorbidly an extravert, submissive, friendly, and helpful to others, believed in religion, had good self-concept, and trust others, conforming to rules, has regular pattern of eating, sleeping and excretory functions, cooperating, holds his hands continuously on the face, always ready to sing in front of others, with little care on personal hygiene, but conscious about physical health, has established and maintain eye contact, with normal psychomotor activity, decreased reaction time, normal tone, slow tempo, decreased volume, sometimes experiencing thought block, and auditory hallucinations, with happy mood which appropriate to the situation, but inadequate in general information, arithmetic, comprehension, abstractablity, has intact memory, intact judgment, with no insight, and is managed through pharmacotherapy and vocational training.
You can refer the following posts for more case studies:
Case Study Of A Patients Affected With Mental Illness Undifferentiated Schizophrenia
Example Format Of A Case Study Of Patients With Paranoid Schizophrenia
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