Meeting with villagers in Juda and Jambuthal -  I had a chance to interact with some of the villagers about life in villages of Juda and Jambuthal. Patel community is the major community in the villages. Most of the households have monthly income between 2000 – 6000 rupees.

Life in villages in India: Case Study of Juda and Jambuthal, Sanand, Ahmedabad, Gujarat
Life in villages in India: Case Study of Juda and Jambuthal, Sanand, Ahmedabad, Gujarat

8.1. Access to medical facility

There is only one private doctor in the village and he roam around every day in his bike. He gives medicines and takes around ninety rupees – one twenty per visit. The nearby PHC is in Sanand which is 12 KM away from the village. Typhoid, Cough, Fever, Malaria are common diseases in Jambuthal village. If they are in a condition to be admitted in the hospital, they hire private vehicle and the vehicle cost is about three hundred to five hundred rupees. Overall they had to spend from five hundred to fifteen hundred rupees forgoing to hospital.


Read more: Life in villages: Land Acquisition by Gujarat Industrial Development Corporation

8.2. Access to Education

Life in villages in India: Sanand, Ahmedabad, Gujarat
Life in villages in India: Case Study of Juda and Jambuthal, Sanand, Ahmedabad, Gujarat
There is government school in both the villages which have standards up to 7th. Usually 80% children in the village study up to 7th standard. To study from 8th standard onwards, children have to go to either Sanand schools or Vada where hostel is available. Hence 80% girls and 60% boys drops out in 8th standard. Some children said, “Maja Nathi Avati”. They didn’t enjoy the school. Hence they drops out and do small jobs in farm. The aspirations of the girls get limited to become an Anganvadi worker or a primary school teacher.

8.3. Access to Government services


Most of the villagers do not know the services provided by Anganvadi. They also do not know about what kind of foods are provided, who are beneficiaries and how they can obtain it? In Jambuthal, villagers have seen Anganvadi worker when she come to houses to collect some information and the Anganvadi opens every day. However in Juda, Anganvadi is always closed and villagers have rarely seen Anganvadi worker. Only primary and secondary schools are there and dropout rate is high among children.

Read more: Village Life in India - Why Gujarat Local Governance Fails?


8.4. Issues in the villages

Case Study of Juda and Jambuthal, Sanand, Ahmedabad, Gujarat
Life in villages in India: Case Study of Juda and Jambuthal, Sanand, Ahmedabad, Gujarat
I asked them what the main issues in the villages are. The issues are water, open defecation and dirty road. The water in the village has high level of TDS and is not drinkable. So they had to store the pipe water provided by the government when it comes at 8-11am in the morning. Sometimes the water flow even stops at 10 am and there won’t be enough water to take bath. From one pipe, 5-6 households take water. Water that comes in pipe is clean and good taste [I drank the water but I felt distaste].  There is no toilet in the households and the women had to wake up around 4 am. The road in the village gets dingy in rainy season. There are canals in the village for the outflow of excess water.

8.5. Source of Income

Main sources of income in villages are agriculture, daily labour, small shops and dairy farming. Numerous famers have 5 – 6 viga land where they grow paddy and rice. When the crops are growing, they go for daily labour where they get two hundred rupees per day. Usually head of the households goes for daily labour and others take care of household work and farming.  Most of the villagers have 2 to 5 milking animals including cows and buffaloes. 70% of the collected milk is given to private parties and whatever left is used to make tea. Private parties do not give adequate money according to the amount of milk given.


8.6. Major expenditures

Villagers spend money for transportation, expenses related to dairy farming, hospital expenses, buying tobacco products, etc. Numerous houses have colour TV and each household has at least one mobile phone.


8.7. Food choices

Villagers usually eat Sabji, rotti, Kichdi and sometimes they make chaval and daal. They don’t drink milk and with the little amount of milk they have, they make tea and all the family members share it. They like to likes Brinjal, rotti, Kichdi, bajiya and Paav Baji.

There is a need to have considerable efforts from the government departments to take up certain issues faced by the community and resolve them by the allocation of adequate resources. These initiatives can be strengthened by connecting to the society and the community for building more rapport and trust. This will enable villagers to interact with the team to share their issues. Improving understanding about multiple dimensions of a problem is one thing need to be is considered. Malnutrition is rampant among the children in Sanand and nearby villages.

Giving either complementary food, or awareness do limited impact. There can be many reasons for malnutrition including the lack of interest in family members to take care the children, parents goes for labor, lack of adequate food, no access to government medical facilities, lack of money and health problems of children such as diarrhea, bronchitis, stomach infections etc.  Sustainable initiatives need to be taken up or the existing initiatives need to be modified to suit the need of the community and their future. This can be done through proper research, including review of literature, home visits, field visits, discussions and interviews with villagers, etc.

Read more: Ahmedabad, Gujarat State, India Development Model in the Last 10 years


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